In a long career as a physicist and educator, Shirley Ann Jackson has nearly done it all in science. For her efforts, she has been awarded the National Medal of Science in a ceremony with President Barack Obama at the White House. First awarded in 1959, the National Medal of Science is determined by 12 scientists and engineers chosen by the President. Currently the president of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York, Jackson is one of the country’s most distinguished scientists. Her work at Bell Labs pioneered many communications technologies still in use today.